Climate News

PreCOP25 in Costa Rica

The Pre-COP25 has been announced after months of expectation. The event will take place in Costa Rica from October 8th to 10th.

Costa Rica seeks to position itself within the leaders of multilateralism and promoters of the climate agenda. This event will be held after the United Nations Forum on the Sustainable Development Goals and the Climate Action Forum, which has the opportunity to promote these discussions in Latin America.

The focus of the event is on climate actions and increased ambition to achieve the objectives of the Paris Agreement. The Pre-COP agenda will be centered on cities-sustainable mobility; solutions based on nature; and blue economy. Accompanied by cross-cutting issues such as human rights, gender, and financing.

Participation

The event will take place at the National Convention Center. The program will consist of two spaces: PreCOP Negotiation and PreCOP Forum. The first space will bring together the climate negotiators and the second will be open to the public.

The PreCOP25 will welcome 600 participants from around the world. The participation of climate negotiators of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, representatives of civil society, private sector, academia, international organizations, among others, is expected. However, the specific details of the agenda and the means to participate have not yet been disclosed.

“We hope that the PRECOP25 will be a real space that can be discussed how to strengthen the mechanisms of citizen participation in the country’s climate governance.” said Raquel Gómez, representative of the 5C Citizen Advisory Council of Costa Rica.

The expectation of the Costa Rican civil society and the region is palpable. In Costa Rica, the Citizen Consultative Council, which is a citizen platform that accompanies the NDC (Nationally Determined Contribution), seeks to take advantage of the context of the Pre-COP25 to strengthen its actions.

The issue of climate change has become an axis of action in the region and its importance has begun to engage citizens and the political agenda. The PreCOP25 sets out to illustrate certain aspects of climate action of interest to Costa Rica. However, it will not escape the negotiating context or the main questions that dominate the international decision-making process. In this sense, the organizations that participate and the citizens cannot lose the thread of the negotiation that will be developed simultaneously.

Negotiation Context

The PreCOP25 would be carried as climate activism in the world has reached unprecedented levels and will be accompanied by the call of a climate emergency. Midyear negotiations at the Climate Conference #SB50 in Bonn, seek to tie the loose ends of the Paris Agreements Rulebook. In Costa Rica, these discussions will continue and prepare them for their last stage at COP25-Chile at the end of the year.


Cumbre Climática COP24 UNFCCC

Among these inconclusive and controversial issues is Article 6 of the Paris Agreement on mechanisms to mitigate emissions. The discussion here focuses on how to ensure that there is no double counting of carbon credits and the creation of robust emissions accounting guides. This issue could not be resolved at the last COP24 climate summit in Poland and at the end of the event became severely controversial. Brazil blocked the possibility of reaching an agreement on this issue, causing the rule book to remain incomplete.

In addition, the PreCOP25 can be a space to continue discussions on the Warsaw Mechanism Review (WIM) process on damages and losses. Loss and Damage are a crucial issue for regions like Central America that will experience severe climatic impacts and whose resources to deal with them are very limited. WIM has not been able to consolidate robust funding sources after many years of work and this is one of the topics that have yet to be explored in the discussions.

On the other hand, Loss and Damage is a topic that for reasons of international politics has been relegated within the Paris Agreement and that only finds a place within the Rules Book indirectly by providing some information in this regard along with the adaptation to change climate. This issue remains one of the priorities of civil society due to its economic and human rights implications.

Finally, the economic issue remains one of the hot topics of discussion that will find its way within the PreCOP25 agenda. These discussions will focus on how to identify or report the amount of financing needed and the amount that should be granted by developed countries for climate action. Also, it is important to follow the discussions on how to achieve transparency and stability in climate finance, considering that this information should be considered in the Global Stocktake.

Categories: Climate News

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