Climate Conference begins
This year’s climate conference (COP24) kicked off Sunday in Katowice, Poland with a feeling of urgency. The talks continued into Monday with the official opening ceremony and a high-level forum for heads of state and other government officials.
Presiding over Monday morning’s ceremony were Polish President Andrzej Duda, Secretary-General of the United Nations António Guterres, President of the United Nations General Assembly María Fernanda Espinosa Garcés, UNFCCC Executive Secretary Patricia Espinosa Cantellano, COP23 President and Prime Minister of Fiji Frank Bainimarama, COP24 President and State Secretary in the Ministry of Energy Michał Kurtyk, Katowice Mayor Marcin Krupa, Polish Minister of the Environment Henryk Kowalczyk and World Bank CEO Kristalina Georgieva.
President Duda discussed the urgent need for the world’s nations to follow a sustainable development path, while not shying away from his nation’s love for coal. Katowice is one of Poland’s coal mining strongholds, and its reliance on this resource will certainly be a focal point of this year’s negotiations. Duda repeatedly hammered home the fact that Poland has managed to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 30 percent from 1988 as his nation has undergone a transformation to a market economy. Duda also expressed hope that the outcome of this year’s negotiations would be a robust “Katowice Rulebook.”
“We adopted a global agreement based on Nationally Determined Contributions. I firmly believe there is no other alternative for our countries than to implement the Katowice Rulebook,” said Duda.
During the opening ceremony of #COP24, President of Poland @prezydentpl @AndrzejDuda emphasized the importance of implementation of the #ParisAgreement. President also expressed his hope that the outcome of the summit will be #KatowiceRulebook. pic.twitter.com/ZHy90VHEpi
— COP24 (@COP24) 3 de diciembre de 2018
Guterres, a passionate advocate for climate action, addressed this year’s negotiations with a more alarming tone.
“We are in deep trouble with climate change,” said Guterres. “Climate change is running faster than we are and we must catch up sooner rather than later before it is too late. For many, people, regions, even countries, this is already a matter of life and death. This meeting is the most important gathering on climate change since the Paris Agreement was signed. It is hard to overstate the urgency of our situation. Even as we witness devastating climate impacts causing havoc across the world, we are still not doing enough, nor moving fast enough, to prevent irreversible and catastrophic climate disruption.”
Following this opening round of speeches, renowned British naturalist Sir David Attenborough delivered a powerful message on behalf of the ‘People’s Seat’ initiative, which aims to engage people around the world in climate action through digital technology, polling and the involvement of passionate climate change advocates.
“If we don’t take climate action, the collapse of our civilization and the extinction of much of the natural world is on the horizon,” said Attenborough.
Also taking place on Monday was a presentation and panel discussion on “Enhancing Transparency of Climate Finance at the Individual and Collective Level” in the United Kingdom pavilion.
Simon Buckle, Head of Climate, Biodiversity and Water of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Environment Directorate, delivered an opening presentation on the state of climate finance, drawing on the findings of his organization’s recent report. Buckle noted that the state of climate finance is consistent with a linear pathway to the level of public climate finance projected by the OECD for 2020.
Panelists during the event remarked on the importance of this type of report since climate finance is still at its nascent stage and hammered home the point that the current $100 climate finance goal would eventually lead to a broader transformation.